The Carthage Agreement, signed on May 18, 2016, is a political agreement that aims to end the political crisis in Tunisia. The agreement was negotiated by the Tunisian Quartet, a group of four civil society organizations, including the Tunisian General Labor Union, the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts, the Tunisian Human Rights League, and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers.
The agreement calls for the formation of a national unity government, composed of representatives from different political parties, to govern until new elections are held. It also includes provisions for constitutional and electoral reforms, the establishment of an independent electoral commission, and the release of political prisoners.
The Carthage Agreement is widely regarded as a milestone in Tunisia`s transition to democracy following the 2011 revolution, which led to the overthrow of longtime dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. The country has since struggled with political instability, economic challenges, and the threat of terrorism.
The agreement received support from both domestic and international stakeholders, including the United Nations, the European Union, and the United States. It was also praised for its inclusivity and commitment to dialogue and compromise.
However, the implementation of the agreement has faced challenges, including disagreements over appointments to key government positions and delays in the adoption of electoral reforms. Critics have also raised concerns about the influence of powerful interest groups and the slow pace of economic reforms.
Overall, the Carthage Agreement represents a significant step towards stability and democratic governance in Tunisia. However, its success ultimately depends on the commitment of all parties to its implementation and adherence to its principles of inclusivity and respect for the rule of law.